For co-design outcomes please see Designing Proof and Evidence: Co-Design Outcomes


All sessions were structured by opening with a plenary period to introduce the session activities and answer any questions. The group then broke out into three small working groups to complete the breakout activities. The groups then came back together at the end of the session to share their work with each other and discuss further.

Co-Design Session 1: Introduction and Brainstorming 

October 19, 2021

The session began with a topic and case study introduction. View the recording here (Youtube video link).

Breakout Groups Activity Overview

The breakout activity was structured in 3 steps:

STEP 1 What is considered valid proof and scientific evidence? 

What truths about you/your life have been ignored? 

What truths might you have ignored about others? 

STEP 2 Identifying barriers and challenges to producing valid proof

What are the barriers and challenges that keep data from diverse and small groups from being considered valid proof or evidence? 

Consider all aspects of the data production cycle, including:

  • How data is generated (and by whom)
  • How data is collected (and by whom)
  • How the data is analysed
  • How the data is presented or curated
    • How does it get to policy makers?
  • How the data will be reviewed (and by whom)
  • Also consider - Who is being left out at each stage?

STEP 3 Exploring approaches to producing valid proof

Consider one (or more) barriers or challenges you identified in Step 2 - what approaches could help to remove these barriers?

What creative approaches could be taken to produce data with small and highly diverse groups? 

  • This could include strategies, tools, methods, etc

Consider the different stakeholders and the roles they play 

  • Exploring the friction points
  • Building out the ecosystem

Again, consider all aspects of the data production cycle

Co-Design Session 2: Barriers and Approaches Exploration

October 26, 2021

Breakout Groups Activity Overview

Activity: How might we…

The aim of this activity and questions is to explore the small and diverse group data production cycle based on its different steps/aspects. “How might we” questions were used to generate ideas for approaches to address the barriers identified in Session 1, as well as the impediments identified in Catherine Frazee's list of 8 Observations.

  1. How data is generated (and by whom)​
    1. How might we support a community to generate data?​
    2. How might we support the generation of a variety of different forms of data?
    3. What forms could the data take?​
    4. How might we access the people we want data from? 
  2. How data is collected
    1. How might we support the collection of contextual/qualitative data?​​
    2. How might we ensure that we’re collecting enough data?
    3. How might we access the people we want data from? 
  3. How data is analyzed
    1. How might we include and analyze outlier data? ​
    2. How might we change the way data is sorted?
  4. How data is presented / curated​
    1. How might we present the data to make it more credible to policy makers? 
    2. How does something become data?
      1. Generalization?
      2. Processability?
  5. How data is reviewed (and by whom)
    1. How might we make recommendations to policy makers to change how they review/perceive the data as valid?

Co-Design Session 3: Actionable First Steps

November 2, 2021

Breakout Groups Activity Overview

What/Why/How Journey Mapping Activity

Begin with:

  • WHAT - the chosen approach
  • WHY - the goal or motivation for the approach and desired outcome

Then map out:

  • HOW - the actionable steps (multiple actions)
    • These make up the next level of WHAT
    • Can be sequential or not
  • WHY - goal or desired outcome of each action
  • WHO - who is responsible for each action
  • CHALLENGES - any potential challenges for each action, these can inform the actions needed at next level of detail


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