There are multiple models for universal design of education:
The 9 Principles of Universal Instructional Design
- Simple & Intuitive
- Perceptible information
- Tolerance for error
- Low physical effort
- Size and space for approach and use
- A community of learners
- Instructional climate
Image Source: Doyle, Tina., Dawson, Teresa (2004). Universal Instructional Design: Creating an Accessible Curriculum. University of Toronto: Scarborough Campus. http://www.facultyware.uconn.edu/udi_factsheet.cfm
In practice: 3
- Electronic formats appear to be a common approach, notably course materials on a website.
- Websites may, or may not be accessible or properly structured.
- Website maintainers may not be aware of accessibility concerns relating to course materials on websites.
In practice: 3
- Multimodal material - audio, video, images that can be reused
- Different interaction strategies including discussions (online and in class), hands-on lessons, etc.
- Notes, exercises, tests (past and previous) available online or on paper to aid student-driven learning
- Choice of assignments, tests, and due dates.
3. Simple & Intuitive
In practice: 3
- Minimize the need to learn new tools to access content.
- Differentiate between primary and secondary content.
- Consistent class, learning, and marking structures.
- Power Point presentation in class.
- Lecture hand-outs to use during class (slide notes).
- Available digital versions of printed materials.
- Alt Text for images.
5. Tolerance for Error
- Breaking large assignments into smaller portions for intermediate feedback.
- Frequent assessment and feedback throughout course.
- Safe assessment environments. i.e. online, ample assessment time.
- Immediate feedback for erroneous user action (i.e. for online forms).
6. Low Physical Effort
- Allow the use of word processors for submissions.
- Make available electronic resources so students don't need to physically travel / acquire the materials.
- Electronic submissions.
7. Size and Space for approach and use
- small groups: circular seating arrangment.
- left-handed seats.
- Links to online resources (like WCAG, and CAST) are provided to instruction designers. - Expectation is that designers will take these resources and implement what is needed / required.
- Ten Simple Steps Toward Universal Design of Online Courses: http://ualr.edu/pace/tenstepsud/index.htm#9c
- A good summary of design and implementation issues to consider.
- Topics include: choosing a CMS, accessibility of CMS features like chat and evaluations.
- UID @ University of Guelph
Scott, S.S., McGuire, J.M., & Embry, P. (2002). Universal design for instruction fact sheet. Storrs : University of Connecticut , Center on Postsecondary Education and Disability. http://www.facultyware.uconn.edu/udi_factsheet.cfm
UDI Online Project. (2010). Universal Design for Instruction Module. Center on Postsecondary Education and Disability, University of Connecticut, Storrs. http://www.udi.uconn.edu/index.php?q=content/universal-design-instruction-module .
3 Universal Instructional Design Principles at the University of Guelph. University of Guelph. http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/uidprinciples.cfm
Doyle, Tina., Dawson, Teresa (2004). Universal Instructional Design: Creating an Accessible Curriculum. University of Toronto: Scarborough Campus. http://www.facultyware.uconn.edu/udi_factsheet.cfm