Versions Compared

Key

  • This line was added.
  • This line was removed.
  • Formatting was changed.

...

  • Accessibility Auditors 
    • Have to study for a year and take government exams to be licensed.
    • They are more creating social change than for supervising.
    • They are a type of consultant and work on contracts.
    • This is not the same as Accessibility Consultants who are not licensed 

  • Background of Legal System
    • Legal system was based on the English Common Law
    • Also some Turkish law for real estate
    • No constitution, but there is declaration of independence which is more like a mission statement.
    • Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty.
      • Does not mention equality because religious groups did not want it to be added.
    • Boetzer Case (1996) first recognition of the weight to equality of people with disabilities
      • Prior to this case the view of people with disabilities was based on the medical model and saw them as needing welfare.
        • They were considered second class citizens and were often segregated.
        • They could even be removed from their home against their own and their families will.
    • In 1998 the Equality law was enacted with some of the provisions from the draft.
      • The expressed goal was to promote the full participation of people with dissabililities
    • 2005 - Accessibility Chapter
      • Prohibition of discrimination in public places and public services
      • Duty to provide accommodations in public places, some exemptions include:
        • structurally impossible
        • contravene some other law, like historical places
        • undue burden
          • depends on the situation, for example a small restaurant would have an exemption because they could not fit accessible tables and it would be cost prohibitive.
    • 20 sets of regulations have been enacted
    • Not enacted regulations
      • individual accommodations for school children, primarily for blind and deaf children
      • only partially enacted for accommodations in health services
      • regulations during emergencies (e.g. hazmat incidents, earthquakes, wartime)

  • Building regulations
    • Local Authorities have been most resistant to accessibility requirements and laws.
    • Requirements are very detailed
      • They also have alternatives. e.g. if you can't implement A, you can do B

  • Regulations on Customer Service
    • Apply to nearly all services except for health, education, transport and voting
    • Couldn't use the word "discrimination" when it comes to accessibility because they didn't want to make lack of compliance a criminal offence.
    • Internet services must be accessible
      • determined by an Israeli standard based off of WCAG


  • The most effective tool for enforcement is social media
    • public shaming is very quick and effective