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  • Placeholder text
    • placeholder should describe the text format
    • problem: placeholder text often used as labels or descriptions.
      • motivation to save some space
    • Proper usage of placeholder text?
      • Disappears after you start entering text
    • What is being communicated by the greyed-out text?
      • Differentiating from text the user entered vs. a prompt.
    • How do ATs handle placeholder text?
      • often gets lumped in with the label, or even substitutes for a label if label is absent.
  • Disabled controls
    • What is being communicated?
      • state
    • Aria states:
      • read-only, disabled, enabled,

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