These designs are still a work in progress, and are actively being worked on. While discussion and comments are welcome, please treat this material as such.
Sakai has page navigation now -- "List Navigator UI Component" in the Sakai style guide. The default for how many items to show on a page varies. How many makes sense depends on context, how many total items, what type of items, etc. The idea here is to make this navigator remember the users last setting (across sessions). That way they set if for what makes sense given the current situation and it is persistent. As things change for them they simply change the setting to meet current needs and again it's persistent until they need to change it again. Currently this is a "one size fits all" default and many users have to change it every time they visit a particular page.
Problems with current Sakai widget
From content management user research:
- Browse through pages of thumbnail images (i.e. Search for images for lecture)
- Browse through list of files (i.e. to find particular reading for class)
- Change several, all or one student's grades in gradebook (students go across several pages)
- Search for course material by material type
- Page through on-line course material (i.e. cutomized course pack available on-line -- document paging versus list paging)
- Select several files for reuse -- file listing may go across pages (i.e. reuse some course material from one semester to the next)
- Page forward and backward through an on-line quiz (might need an idea of what is on each page so they can quickly jump to a page)
- Find a student in the roster whose exact last name I can't remember (i.e. want to see everything that begins with "Be"
- Browse exams or assignments (i.e. looking for a specific date)
- Organize contacts into groups in email (contacts may go across pages)
- New sort a list of files spanning across pages (i.e. was alphabetical and then sort by date created -- do you go to top?)
Requirements for new component
References / Competitive Analysis
Note: See attachment: Paging-Design-Examples.pdf
Note: Many of the below are for search navigation so should be used strictly as a reference for more robust web application pages where users need to actually do something with the items in a list (other than just choose one).
Item Navigation (long list of items users may need to do something with)
- Sakai's "List Navigator UI Component" in style guide & Item Pagination design pattern in the Sakai Design Pattern Library
- "Item Pagination" - Yahoo design pattern, http://developer.yahoo.com/ypatterns/pattern.php?pattern=itempagination#
- gmail paging
- netflix.com - no paging is just a long scrolling list
- In this case we are probably giving the user the wrong thing when we think of giving them a list that big. If they are looking for something
in a huge list, things like a user or site or email, probably the first step should be to offer them a way to search or filter the list to help
them narrow things down and find what they need, without having to wait for whole thing to load up. I suppose there might be some cases where
they do want a whole long list, maybe to print the enrollment list for their course, but then paging can make that more difficult as well. - Peter Knoop
- "Search Pagination" - Yahoo design pattern, http://developer.yahoo.com/ypatterns/pattern.php?pattern=searchpagination
- "Paging" - UC Berkeley Web Patterns Library, http://groups.ischool.berkeley.edu/ui_designpatterns/webpatterns2/webpatterns/pattern.php?id=18
- amazon.com, http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_ss_b/105-2487600-6556431?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&field-keywords=interaction+design&x=0&y=0
- http://humanized.com/reader/ (start scrolling down and you will see more data added to the page via AJAX) - This ajax paging scheme works great if you have a ranked ordering of items that the user wants to see (i.e. a blog with most current on top). But this may not be the best approach to a Gradebook that has hundreds of students and you want to get to the students with last name of "P"... then you would want to jump to a particular page and not scroll down (or click next) through a bunch of irrelevant pages. - Ryan Lowe
- Please see attached PDF for other paging examples
Informal User Survey
Since I (Erin) don't have easy access to Sakai users, I surveyed my friends to get some perspective on paging other than my own. This may be a skewed view from a more tech-savvy set of users who aren't familiar with Sakai at all (but are with web in general and paging specifically). With that said, here are my findings.
In summary, many users finds it bothersome to click through multiple pages to view a list of items. Users will often set the number of items per page to the maximum to see more items at once. In a list where newer items gets added to the top of the list (email inbox, announcement pages, etc.) users tend to care less about the number if items displayed per page, because they are typically only concerned with the new items, which are all shown in one page. In a list such as the search results, where users are looking for particular items, more items per page is preferred. In an alphabetically ordered list (roster, address book, etc.), allow filtering (narrowing down the list as user types in more characters), unless paging by alphabet can be provided (problematic when the user re-sorts with a different column).
• \[Referring to their email inbox\] "I think by default it was 25 or something.... and I think that's too little." • "I don't like having to scroll thru multiple pages ever...I like seeing everything at once" • "I set it to whatever's the maximum." • "I leave it at the default." • "Have u used the Google Reader? RSS. I like that. Loads more dynamically as you scroll down." • "I put eBay to the max of 200. It is by default 50 and I hated it. GMail I do not care about the size of 50 because I do not get more then 50 emails a day and they are sorted by most recent first. On eBay there are more then 50 new listings each day." • "I personally prefer long list on one page to multiple pages."
Page Navigation Design
1) Display 9 page numbers at a time. If the current page is > 5, show the page in the middle and show 4 pages before and after the page. If there are more pages previous/after the 9 pages, show ".."
|< < 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .. > >|
|< < .. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 .. > >|
2) Current page is NOT a link, shown in black, and bold.
3) Alt text for the symbols are:
|< Go to first page
>| Go to last page
3) Don't show the |< and >| if all pages are shown
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 >
4) Allow user to change the page size. i.e. Show \[dropdown: 10, 20, 50, 100, All\] items per page
5) Show where the user is in the list.
Viewing 1 - 20 of 1348 wines
6) Place this paging widget at the top and bottom of the page
7) If the total number of items in the list is less than the number of items per page, don't show the page widget.
8) For a roster or any other alphabetically-ordered static list, use filters (described below).
9) Lists that update (e.g. Announcements, Quiz & Surveys, Email Archive) are sorted by date (descending order) by default.
10) When the user sorts the table by another column, the first page of the re-sorted list is displayed.
1) As the user starts typing in the textbox on top of the table, it displays all entries (first/last names) that start with the entered character(s) as a dropdown below the textbox.
2) If there are more than 10 items to be displayed (as user types), display a "more" option at the bottom of the dropdown
3) When the user hits enter, all entries that start with the entered character(s) get displayed in the main table with refreshed paging
4) When the filtered subset is displayed, clicking on a column header will re-sort within the subset
5) Clicking on 'Back to All' link takes the user back to the non-filtered whole set
6) Clearly indicate to the user that they are viewing a subset by explicitly stating (i.e. Results for "mi") AND changing the colour of the page (note: look into other instances where colour is used within Sakai)
Design 2: the total number of pages is shown
Design 3: the first two and last two pages are always shown
Design 4: text box allows user to type in the page they want to get to. Total number of pages is shown.
Slider design: The number of items per page can be adjusted by stretching/shrinking the slider OR selecting a number from the dropdown at the top right.
Discussions and Open-ended Questions
- User would like to see how many students (or announcements, assignments, etc.) there are, rather than how many pages of those items there are
- Symbols such as |<, <, >, >| are frequently used in paging. But are they sufficient, or do they need to be accompanied by wordings such as "Previous" and "Next"? If so, what do we call |< and >|?
Depending on the context, |< could be called either "First" or "Newest", >| could be called either "Last" or "Oldest". Are there any other cases?
- Should each list remember what the user set as the preferred page size (number of items per page)? Or should there be a global setting for this that would affect all of the tables?
Where Page Navigation is Currently Used/Needed within Sakai
Quiz & Survey