Each learner may have different needs and require specific accommodation in the following categories:
Students with dyslexia often demonstrate superior artistic abilities (Appleyard, 1997). In another study, people with dyslexia showed a capacity to identify impossible three-dimensional objects (like those made famous by the artist M. C. Escher) more quickly and with greater efficiency than a matched group of typically developing individuals (Karolyi, Winner, Gray, & Sherman, 2003).
Students with learning disabilities also often show higher-than-average entrepreneurial ability. A survey of U.S. businesspeople, for example, indicated that one-third of entrepreneurs reported having dyslexia, compared with only one percent of middle managers in large corporations (Warren, 2008).
Thinking about who might be excluded in each stage of a learning process:
Assignment Options__In a traditional classroom, there may be only one way for a student to complete an assignment. This might be an essay or a worksheet. With UDL, there are multiple options. For instance, students may be able to create a podcast or a video to show what they know. They may even be allowed to draw a comic strip. There are tons of possibilities for completing assignments, as long as students meet the lesson goals.
Regular Feedback__With UDL, students get feedback—often every day—on how they’re doing. At the end of a lesson, teachers may talk with individual students about lesson goals. Students are encouraged to reflect on the choices they made in class and whether they met the goals. If they didn’t meet the goals, they’re encouraged to think about what might have helped them do so.
Digital and Audio Text__UDL recognizes that if students can’t access information, they can’t learn it. So in a UDL classroom, materials are accessible for all types of learners. Students have many options for reading, including print, digital, text-to-speech and audiobooks. For digital text, there are also options for text enlargement, along with choices for screen color and contrast. Videos have captions, and there are transcripts for audio.
**Accommodations change how a student learns the material. A modification changes what a student is taught or expected to learn. Learners who receive modifications are not expected to learn the same material as their classmates. It’s true that modifications can make the learning process less of a struggle for learners, but they may result a student learns less than his peers. He might fall behind on important skills. Over time, this can put a learner at a big disadvantage.
Please feel free to edit or add your comments to the above mindmap: https://docs.google.com/drawings/d/1p4SMMdAvtUyFe_Y6dDSXbyrhl8NAg-3nHTr29z78h-Y/edit?usp=sharing