Stereo 3D calibration is the process of calculating the position and orientation of two cameras relative to each other.
Calibration is important if images are captured using stereo 3D and need to be dewarped - without the calibration information, the stereo images will not flatten.
It is recommended that before any work using stereo 3D is done, this calibration process be completed first.
Calibration uses the same setup as stereo 3D capture. Refer to the Decapod Stereo 3D Equipment Guide for the equipment setup, and Decapod Stereo 3D Capture Guide on how to use Decapod's capture tool to take stereo images.
Before doing any calibration of capturing, the right camera must be attached to the Decapod system first, then the left camera. Doing this out of order may cause stereo capture and subsequent dewarping to not perform properly.
To ensure that this is done properly, follow the these steps:
If any camera is disconnected during capture, both cameras should be disconnected and reconnected in the manner stated above (left camera first, then right camera). If this is done in reverse order, stereo 3D dewarp may not perform properly.
To perform calibration, a 10x7 checkerboard pattern is held in full view of both cameras and pictures are taken. Between taking each pair of photos, the checkerboard is tilted differently or its position changed before another photo is taken.
Download Decapod 10x7 calibration checkerboard
A minimum of 23 pairs of photos are required to perform calibration. More calibration images may yield better results.
Once the set of calibration photo pairs are ready (at least 23 pairs), they are processed through the Decapod Stereo 3D Calibration tool. The Stereo 3D Calibration tool generates a file containing the calibration information, which is then saved to a user-specified location.
When the cameras are in place, do not change their positions or orientation relative to each other during the calibration process or during stereo capture. If camera positioning is changed, the images captured up to this point should be deleted and the calibration process restarted.
Calibration for untethered cameras is similar to tethered except that the image files from the left and right camera need to be renamed and combined to make a proper matched pair set of pictures.
Stereo 3D Calibration application expects at least 23 image pairs that follow this filename format:
Left camera: capture-[capture #]-0.[file extension] Right camera: capture-[capture #]-1.[file extension]
In this example, files from left and right cameras are renamed to create matched pairs. Files with "-0" are for the left images, and "-1" are for the right images.
The left image should always come before the right image in a pair (like in the above example). Reversing this order will cause calibration to give inaccurate results.
Unlike untethered capture, tethered capture can make the calibration process easier by:
Once the calibration photos are taken, do not change the relative positions of cameras. Treat the pair of cameras as a single unit and do not turn or twist any cameras once mounted. Do not bump them accidentally.
If camera positions are changed, then the new positions need to be recorded by re-calibrating the cameras (retaking the 23 photos and re-running the Decapod Stereo 3D Calibration tool). Once the new calibration data is generated, any subsequent photos taken with these new camera positions should only be used with this new calibration data.
Mixing and matching different stereo image sets and different calibration data is strongly discouraged.
Once all checkerboard calibration images are taken, calibration data needs to be generated by running the Decapod Stereo 3D Calibration tool.
<code>calibration.zip</code> file is needed later for stereo dewarping, so it is recommended that the file be saved in a safe location, preferably the same directory where work is being done. This way it is clear that certain calibration data belongs with a particular unit of work.